The social, economic and political impacts of migration from developing to developed countries.
Globalization has continually enhanced trade, businesses and industrial growth. Similarly, it has widely opened up borders to allow free flow of people, goods and services across territories. Following this development, migration is fast becoming a controversial issue as more people are moving across countries in pursuit of better prospects and growth.
We are oftenly hounded by unending headlines on immigrants from the developing nations leaving their homelands in search of higher standards of living and stability. In most cases, these individuals risk their lives as they have to move across dangerous territories into the developed nations. It is estimated that about 3 percent of the world’s population is living as immigrants outside their countries of birth (Constant & Zimmermann, 2013). This fact has raised many questions regarding the social, economic and political consequences that the migration brings to the developed nations.
Huge influx of people into the developed nation has a negative impact on the developing country as it leads to the so-called brain-drain. Vital resources used in training professionals in the developing nations are eventually rendered useless as they will be employed in the developed countries. Therefore, the mass movement of experts and professionals to other countries results in economic stagnation in their motherland where such human resources are highly needed.
Similarly, this movement poses great danger to the developed nations in terms of preserving their culture, values and beliefs. Interactions between residents of the host county and the immigrants may lead to loss of identity due to adoption and mixing of other new cultures. Immigrants have many challenges adopting new culture and practices as well. Governments cannot be able to manage the highly risen population.
As a matter of fact, most immigrants from the developing nations are either semi-skilled or unskilled. Thus, they end up providing cheap labor in the new environment. Their presence raises competition for jobs thereby those entitled to get these jobs end up unemployed. This means that securing a job for residents of developed nations is extremely difficult. In return, conflicts, racism towards the migrants and in worst case scenarios xenophobia ensues (Brücker, 2011).
Conclusively, it is clear that the migration from the developing nations to the developed nations bears weighty effects on both nations. Economic, political and social welfare are deprived and the results are unpleasant.